- Bone graft surgery: During this procedure, the affected bone will be replaced using fragments of bone, synthetic bone or donated bone. Grafts has the power to restore the teeth stability and it act as the platform for bone re-growth.
- Bone surgery: It is done in order to prevent bone loss. During the procedure, the surgeon smoothen the shallow craters in the bone. This procedure makes the bone stronger and makes it difficult for bacteria to amass and grow.
- Soft tissue grafts: This procedure is done in order to boost the receded gums or fills. Tissues will be taken from the roof of the mouth will be stitched to the affected area.
- Flap surgery/pocket reduction surgery: During this procedure, the tartar will be removed by lifting the gums back. Pocket reduction surgery is done to reduce the pockets below the gum line to prevent the growth of bacteria over there.
- Guided tissue regeneration: This procedure is done when the bone that supports the teeth is destroyed. The bone and gum tissue will be stimulated with this procedure. This procedure is usually done along with flap surgery.
Most of the periodontal surgeries are minor and can be done in the clinic with local anesthetic. They are not meant to cure the disease completely. These surgeries may not hurt much. The patient may face very little discomfort. One of the negative aspect of the surgery is that, the patient may have teeth sensitivity.